Ultimate heavy equipment maintenance checklist
For any construction company to be profitable, their heavy machinery must be well maintained and in proper working order. A preventative maintenance program is the first step in accomplishing just that. If a maintenance schedule is not created or followed, the result could mean equipment failure, costly repairs, and long term problems.
The best way to implement a preventative maintenance plan is by performing daily and hourly maintenance checks. A heavy equipment maintenance checklist helps to keep fleet managers and heavy equipment operators accountable and extends the equipment life expectancy.
This maintenance checklist has been broken down into checks that are required daily, versus checks that are required based on operating hours. Each piece of construction equipment will be used at different times and for different durations. That’s why it is best to schedule preventive maintenance based on hours in operation instead of by date.
Before firing up the equipment, operators are required to perform a visual inspection and log it into a pre-operational log book before signing off and beginning their shift. This includes a variety of hands-on and visual inspections before, during, and after operating the heavy equipment. Operators should note any issues as soon as they are noticed so they can be addressed in a timely manner.
Before you start the heavy equipment, perform these checks:
Perform these checks after the equipment has been running for five to 10 minutes:
During operation, watch and listen for irregularities:
After every shift, take the following actions:
Around 250 to 500 hours, it is best practice to schedule a basic engine service. This involves a number of checks and actions:
Oil change intervals will rely on the quality of oil and filter being used in each piece of equipment.
While the checklist above will help with preventative maintenance and be a great addition to any maintenance plan, we recommend cross-referencing these checklist items and frequencies with the ones listed in the manual for each piece of heavy equipment.
Each machine will have its own manufacturer’s recommendations that operators and fleet managers should familiarize themselves with.
Successful heavy equipment management requires a commitment to the maintenance schedule.
Buy-in from machine operators and sub-contractors is a huge asset when it comes to any preventive maintenance program, as they are the ones to carry out the daily checks. If they are properly recording complications, the fleet manager can schedule the proper maintenance on top of the required routine maintenance.
Each piece of equipment should have a detailed record including maintenance history, repairs, and any major issues or incidents.
This type of information is useful when it comes to future maintenance or repairs and helps fleet managers be more effective. With an organized record of equipment history, they can schedule preventive maintenance more accurately, which helps minimize operating costs.
We have included a downloadable PDF of this heavy equipment maintenance checklist for you to use!
Tread.io is a fleet management software that collects valuable fleet and driver data, which can assist with preventive maintenance scheduling, dispatching, and management.
Accurate operating hours are recorded so preventive construction equipment maintenance can be better managed and scheduled. Operator behavior information like speeding and idle times are also collected and can be used to better schedule maintenance intervals and drivers. With no hardware installation required, business owners and fleet managers can access fleet and driver data from their desktop, tablet, or smartphone.
In addition, our truck dispatch management software allows construction materials to be moved faster and at a lower operating cost. Fewer miles and faster cycle times mean less maintenance and pricey repair costs.
Request a demo to learn how Tread can be a part of your construction equipment maintenance strategy.